The Bible – Old Testament
1 2 A psalm of David. LORD, who may abide in your tent? Who may dwell on your holy mountain?
IWhoever walks without blame, doing what is right, speaking truth from the heart;
Who does not slander a neighbor, does no harm to another, never defames a friend;
Who disdains the wicked, but honors those who fear the LORD; Who keeps an oath despite the cost,
3 lends no money at interest, accepts no bribe against the innocent. III Whoever acts like this shall never be shaken.
1 [Psalm 15] The psalm records a liturgical scrutiny at the entrance to the temple court (cf ⇒ Psalm 24:3-6; ⇒ Isaiah 33:14b-16). The Israelite wishing to be admitted had to ask the temple official what conduct was appropriate to God’s precincts. Note the emphasis on virtues relating to one’s neighbor.
2  Your tent . . . your holy mountain: the temple could be referred to as “tent” (⇒ Psalm 61:5; ⇒ Isaiah 33:20), a reference to the tent of the wilderness period and the tent of David (⇒ 2 Sam 6:17; ⇒ 7:2), predecessors of the temple. Holy mountain: a venerable designation of the divine abode (⇒ Psalm 2:6; ⇒ 3:5; ⇒ 43:3; ⇒ 48:2 etc.).
3  Lends no money at interest: lending money in the Old Testament was often seen as assistance to the poor in their distress, not as an investment; making money off the poor by charging interest was thus forbidden (⇒ Exodus 22:24; ⇒ Lev 25:36-37; ⇒ Deut 23:20).